Common types of scars
Over time, your body will try to repair the scar. However, your body’s ability to do this adequately will depend on the size and type of scar, as well as personal factors such as genetics, age, and skin health. In many cases, your body is not able to significantly improve the look and feel of a scar without help from professional scar treatment.
To find the right scar treatment, you need to understand the type(s) of scar you’re dealing with. Many scars have a flat, pale appearance. The marks that don’t fit this description fall into one of three categories:
Some scars become raised due to excess collagen production during the healing process. These raised scars are called hypertrophic scars. Hypertrophic scars stay within the boundary of the injury.
Depressed scars, also called atrophic scars, are those that dip below the surface of the skin. These distinct marks are typically the result of a collagen shortage during the healing phase. Many stubborn acne scars are atrophic.
When the healing process is particularly over-reactive, scars can expand far beyond the bounds of the original wound. These raised, lumpy scars are referred to as keloid scars. Unlike hypertrophic scars, they are often dark in color and can be hard to the touch. Individuals with darker skin, individuals with a family history of keloids, and women in general are more at risk for forming keloid scars. Without scar treatment, keloid scars will typically continue to grow. Eventually, they may begin to hamper movement or cause irritation.